saFety And Resilience guidelines for aviatiOn


FARO is a SESAR Exploratory Research 4- funded project. FARO stands for “saFety And Resilience guidelines for aviatiOn” and it comes from the Latin word for lighthouse, as an ancient sign of safety in transport. This project addresses the evaluation of the impact of new automation solutions on resilient performance and safety. To do this, it is necessary to know how the safety is provided and produced by the ATM system, before and after a change in the ATM system is deployed.

The main objective of this project is to contribute to the extant knowledge of safety and resilience of the ATM system by providing design guidelines to apply FARO’s approach and identifying areas of improvement and future research needs as well. The FARO methodology mixes knowledge-based and data-driven approaches, aiming at facilitating a predictive perspective on safety by generating safety performance functions and defining the impact on resilient performance of automation solutions.


The aim of FARO is to bring a new light about how safety and resilience are addressed in ATM through four objectives:

O1 Capitalisation of the Extant Knowledge of Safety

This objective is focused on the systematic extraction of the extant safety knowledge through data-driven techniques and a knowledge-based approach. The final goal is to define a conceptual framework which enables the evaluation of safety and resilient performance in terms of the technical, organisational, human and procedural characteristics of the ATM system.

O2 Quantification of the impact of increasing the level of automation on ATM Safety Levels

This objective pursues the generation of predictive models of safety events as a way to quantify the likelihood of these events and a measure of the safety level. This approach allows moving to a predictive perspective where safety is understood as the ability to succeed under varying conditions.

O3 Analysis of the Impact of higher levels of automation on ATM Resilient Performance

The aim of this objective is to analyse the impact on resilient performance of the system, by characterising it as a function of performance variability and adaptive capacity. Its goal is to define a resilience baseline of the current system for the quantification of the system in terms of resilient performance and adaptive capacity.

O4 Provision of design guidelines and identification of future research needs

Through this objective, FARO project pursues the development of a set of guidelines to facilitate the definition and evaluation of the safety and resilience criteria associated to a new automated solution, as well as the identification of research gaps.



CRIDA is an ATM research centre created as a joint venture between ENAIRE and the UPM. CRIDA’s mission is to “Perform R&D activities geared towards improving the safety, capacity, economic efficiency and the environmental performance of the Spanish Air Navigation System as part of the global network”


The Spanish Business Public Entity ENAIRE is the entity designated by the Spanish State to provide  Air Navigation Services for En-Route and Approach phases.


EUROCONTROL is an international organisation working to achieve safe and seamless air traffic management across Europe.


Lund is the most popular study location in Sweden. The University offers one of the broadest ranges of programs and courses in Scandinavia, based on cross-disciplinary and cutting-edge research.


UPM is the oldest and largest technical university in Spain with 20 Schools plus 2 Faculties that cover all engineering disciplines as well as Architecture and Sports Science and It ranked first Spanish University by its participation in international programs.


University of Belgrade - Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering. The Division of Airports and Air Traffic Safety core research activities focus on airport planning, design and operations, airspace management, traffic complexit and risk and safety analysis.


ZenaByte is a spin-off of the University of Genova and is acknowledged as innovative start-up by the Italian Ministry of the Economic Development. ZenaByte is active in the areas of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.

News, Events & Publications

To share our progress we continuously publish news, events, project reports and scientific work.

18th May 2020
18th May 2020
KoM Meeting!

In our first official meeting we will come together with the represantives of our funding partner SESAR Joint Undertaking and all consortium members to celebrate the start of FARO. Unfortunately, due to the Covid-19 restrictions in most companies and member states, we are forced to shift the meeting to an online platform. Stay healthy!

31st July 2020
31st July 2020
First Bundle of Deliverables!

The 31st of July was an important date for the project FARO. The first set of deliverables will be published soon!

7th and 8th October, 2020
7th and 8th October, 2020
1st Workshop - Safety and Resilience Conceptual Framework

In our first official workshop we will come together with the represantives of our funding partner SESAR Joint Undertaking, the Advisory Board all consortium members and we met remotely for celebrating the first FARO Workshop.

1st September, 2021
1st September, 2021

Papers in 11th EASN conference

We presented two papers in the conference related to the WP3 and WP4. The papers can be downloaded from here.

Contact us

For further information about the FARO project, please do not hesitate to contact us by filling out the following form: